A national study has confirmed that there is indeed a strong connection between the use of social media and the development of depression among young adults. But which is causing what? Does social media use cause depression or is depression causing an increased use of social media?
Study author Dr. Brian Primack, who is also a professor of public health and Dean of University of Arkansas’ College of Education and Health Professions, said that based on their new national study, young adults who increased time spent on social media sites are at greater risk of developing depression within a six-month period.
Dr. Primack underscored the findings as significant during this ongoing period of the COVID-19 pandemic. Nowadays, we are all using more social media technologies since the current situation bars us for connecting personally with others. According to Dr. Primack, while there is no denying that those technologies can be valuable, he encourages users to reflect on those that are truly useful and those that leave feelings of emptiness.
The New National Study Linked to An Earlier Study on Social Media Use
Back in 2018, Dr. Primack together with his colleagues at the University of Pittsburgh conducted a research about social media use involving more than 1,000 young U.S. adults between the ages of 18 to 30. Using the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire, they measured the depression level of the participants and at the same time asked them about the amount of time they spend at social media sites like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, SnapChat and Reddit.
Their analyses took into account control factors such as gender, age, education, race, employment and income. In order to get results that reflect the greater U.S. population, Dr. Primack and his colleagues included survey weights.
One of the co-authors of the study, Jaime Sidani, who is an assistant professor of medicine at UP said that the emphasis on positive portrayals at social media sites can be difficult for young adults. Mainly because they are still at critical junctures in life where they still feel incapable of being able to measure-up with the impossible ideals to which they are exposed in social media sites.
Dr. Cesar Escobar-Viera another co-author opined that one possible reason why depression is happening is because social media is taking up a lot of their time. Dr Escobar, who is an assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh said that
“Excessive time spent on social media tends to replace forming important in-person relationships, or of allowing moments of valuable reflections; or even, achieving professional or personal goals.
To confirm their findings, the University of Pittsburgh researchers suggested that social comparison would underlie these findings.
Follow Up Study at the University of Arkansas Provides Important Answers
Dr. Primack continued with the study while with The University of Arkansas and has released the findings online under the title Temporal Associations Between Social Media Use and Depression, last Dec. 10.
He admits that in their prior work, they were left wondering, which came first. depression or excessive social media use? While they know from other studies that social media use and depression go together, what they needed to find out is which came first? Much like the chicken-and-egg question
In their follwo-up study, they finally arrived at conclusive information that sheds light into the question. High levels of social media use led to increased occurrence of depression. Yet when compared to those who had initial indications of depression, their use of social media sites did not increase.
Of the 1,289 participants included in their final sample, 299 were already experiencing baseline depression; but did not show increased use of social media upon follow-up.
On the other hand, the remaining 990 individuals who had no indications of depressions based on the results of their previous responses to the Patient Health Questionnaire taken in 2018, were compared for depression via a follow-up assessment using the same questionnaire.
All measures were assessed using data from the 2018 study and 6-month follow-up. The assessment results compared participants who spent less that 120 minutes at social media sites on a daily basis with those who spent more than 300 minutes per day. The latter group or those who spent 2.8 times more at social media, shows indications of likely becoming depressed within 6 months.
Any gamer knows the importance of choosing the Best CPUs for Gaming. But the purchasing and decision-making process can be challenging as building a CPU for you gaming needs, particularly if you are new to or don’t have any idea of how to build your own gaming PC.
Building Powerful CPU for Gaming
Knowing the different features of a decent gaming PC is a crucial process in order to better understand the importance of choosing the Best CPUs for Gaming. By looking into these features, you will have an idea of what gaming hardware and systems you need to have a quality and powerful gaming PC.
Gaming CPUs that are well-maintained and cared for could last for many years, however PC hardware and software are constantly being advanced and upgraded. So, new and recent gaming CPUs have larger sizes for cache, faster clock speeds, as well as greater thread counts, all of which improve the performance of your gaming PC especially when paired with modern hardware that are compatible. It is then recommended to consider newer versions and models so as to have an excellent gaming experience.
Video Games As Social Space
Gaming has indeed become widespread and is enjoyed by many adults, where some even play video games for a living. But, one of the reasons why many adults play video games is because of the entertainment factor it offers. While some believe that video games have a negative effect on people, the activity can actually provide certain benefits. In fact, studies have discovered that adults who enjoy playing video games have greater levels of contentment and happiness. In several cases, they even become more relaxed because of playing video games.
Besides increasing happiness, contentment and relaxation, video games can be a social activity as well. This is particularly true when games are played online with other players. This creates a social space where gamers get to communicate with each other as well as engage and participate in gaming groups and communities, which widens their social circle. While this may be an unusual way of communicating, it still is a helpful method to foster and establish social connections while at the same time develop the confidence and the skills needed for face-to-face interaction.
Technologies and the advances made to them have enabled businesses and companies to work and carry out their business operations more efficiently and effectively in several ways. This includes remotely collaborating with coworkers or business partners through video-conferencing platforms or sending a form of digital correspondence to customers to ask for a review. Indeed, technology has become an essential tool for businesses and companies to achieve their vision and mission.
Improve Business Efficiency and Productivity With RDP
For instance, many businesses and companies buy RDP as a simple IT solution in order for them to maximize the efficiency of their office as well as boost productivity. Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) services can be a major turning point for businesses and can be crucial to their success, regardless of which industry their business belongs to.
What exactly are the benefits that businesses and companies get when they consider to buy RDP. Below are some:
- Data protection and security
- Cost-effective IT solution
- Increase productivity of employees
- Easy access to as well as management and organization of data
Strengthen Marriage With Technology
Businesses, companies and organizations in different industries aren’t the only ones that benefit from technology. When used the proper way, apart from making communication much easier, there are other things that technology can do to bring people together. For instance, technology can be used to strengthen marriage. How? Below are some:
- Technology creates different and new possibilities for communication in a marriage which keeps couples connected. When use the right way, it can help improve relationships.
- Celebrate milestones as a couple on social media. When you learn to encourage, support and cheer for your better half both publicly and privately, this can help strengthen the marriage.
- Technology makes it easy for people to send emails and texts messages such as when setting appointments. If you can do such simple things, then you can also send messages of endearment and encouragement to your better half regularly. Kind and appreciative words are simple yet powerful means to show that you care for them.
- Technology can be a useful tool to create and accomplish your goals as a married couple and as a family by sharing calendars, to-do lists, budgets plans and other significant plans and projects to keep you on track.
Any association a with a loved one is better than no connection at all, granted that the relationship is neutral or real. Sending them a message that states, “See you after work” is neutral data-sharing. On the other hand, giving a message that states, “I miss you!” brings much more real news and promotes kind feelings… at least somehow. And exchanging mischievous messages back and forth over the course of the day makes you stuffy for each other while you slope in to bed together at evening.
Nevertheless, virtual connecting using your laptop at livelaptopspec.com is not a replacement for concrete togetherness and it can seldom make concerns worse in your relationship. Below are the reasons why:
1. Technology makes it simpler to fight nasty.
Violence can be too simply carelessly shot out in an email or SMS. Several folks dash off a fast nasty remark in answer to something that bothered them. If they snap and send before they’ve had a chance to quiet down and think through a more cautious reply, there’s likely to be difficulty ahead.
2. “Examining things online” crashes your bonding time together.
Folks who correlate over several electronic platforms with their chosen ones may be doing similar thing with friends and industry partners. Therein lies the dilemma. Managing all those relationships can slice and dice your time with your principal loved one. Each and every delay to your account alone together reduces the strength of your relationship.
3. Virtual relationships can’t substitute physical affection.
When you get a text or see an email, all you get is data. You don’t accept smirks, touches, laugh or touch. What promotes warm emotions with important others regularly requires physical contact — easy things like staring adoringly at each other, holding hands, murmuring sweet nothings. Eye-to-eye and skin-to-skin communication all turn on the flame hormone oxytocin. This element in your brain improves your awareness of desire and strengthens your sense of bonding with your partner. This is something you can’t communicate over a text message.
4. Messages are easily misinterpreted.
Texts can only move so much through words without what analysts call “poetry” or the music of voices. This means that the misunderstandings of texts can run excessive. Giving a text that reads, “See you after work” can be interpreted as an irritating order if the receiver is sympathetic.