Are You Using Social Media Due to Depression, or Do You Get Depressed After Using Social Media?

A national study has confirmed that there is indeed a strong connection between the use of social media and the development of depression among young adults. But which is causing what? Does social media use cause depression or is depression causing an increased use of social media?

Study author Dr. Brian Primack, who is also a professor of public health and Dean of University of Arkansas’ College of Education and Health Professions, said that based on their new national study, young adults who increased time spent on social media sites are at greater risk of developing depression within a six-month period.

Dr. Primack underscored the findings as significant during this ongoing period of the COVID-19 pandemic. Nowadays, we are all using more social media technologies since the current situation bars us for connecting personally with others. According to Dr. Primack, while there is no denying that those technologies can be valuable, he encourages users to reflect on those that are truly useful and those that leave feelings of emptiness.

The New National Study Linked to An Earlier Study on Social Media Use

Back in 2018, Dr. Primack together with his colleagues at the University of Pittsburgh conducted a research about social media use involving more than 1,000 young U.S. adults between the ages of 18 to 30. Using the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire, they measured the depression level of the participants and at the same time asked them about the amount of time they spend at social media sites like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, SnapChat and Reddit.

Their analyses took into account control factors such as gender, age, education, race, employment and income. In order to get results that reflect the greater U.S. population, Dr. Primack and his colleagues included survey weights.

One of the co-authors of the study, Jaime Sidani, who is an assistant professor of medicine at UP said that the emphasis on positive portrayals at social media sites can be difficult for young adults. Mainly because they are still at critical junctures in life where they still feel incapable of being able to measure-up with the impossible ideals to which they are exposed in social media sites.

Dr. Cesar Escobar-Viera another co-author opined that one possible reason why depression is happening is because social media is taking up a lot of their time. Dr Escobar, who is an assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh said that

“Excessive time spent on social media tends to replace forming important in-person relationships, or of allowing moments of valuable reflections; or even, achieving professional or personal goals.

To confirm their findings, the University of Pittsburgh researchers suggested that social comparison would underlie these findings.

Follow Up Study at the University of Arkansas Provides Important Answers

Dr. Primack continued with the study while with The University of Arkansas and has released the findings online under the title Temporal Associations Between Social Media Use and Depression, last Dec. 10.

He admits that in their prior work, they were left wondering, which came first. depression or excessive social media use? While they know from other studies that social media use and depression go together, what they needed to find out is which came first? Much like the chicken-and-egg question

In their follwo-up study, they finally arrived at conclusive information that sheds light into the question. High levels of social media use led to increased occurrence of depression. Yet when compared to those who had initial indications of depression, their use of social media sites did not increase.

Of the 1,289 participants included in their final sample, 299 were already experiencing baseline depression; but did not show increased use of social media upon follow-up.

On the other hand, the remaining 990 individuals who had no indications of depressions based on the results of their previous responses to the Patient Health Questionnaire taken in 2018, were compared for depression via a follow-up assessment using the same questionnaire.

All measures were assessed using data from the 2018 study and 6-month follow-up. The assessment results compared participants who spent less that 120 minutes at social media sites on a daily basis with those who spent more than 300 minutes per day. The latter group or those who spent 2.8 times more at social media, shows indications of likely becoming depressed within 6 months.

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The Importance Of Choosing The Best CPUs For Gaming And Widening Your Social Space Through Video Games

Any gamer knows the importance of choosing the Best CPUs for Gaming. But the purchasing and decision-making process can be challenging as building a CPU for you gaming needs, particularly if you are new to or don’t have any idea of how to build your own gaming PC.

Building Powerful CPU for Gaming

Knowing the different features of a decent gaming PC is a crucial process in order to better understand the importance of choosing the Best CPUs for Gaming. By looking into these features, you will have an idea of what gaming hardware and systems you need to have a quality and powerful gaming PC.

Gaming CPUs that are well-maintained and cared for could last for many years, however PC hardware and software are constantly being advanced and upgraded. So, new and recent gaming CPUs have larger sizes for cache, faster clock speeds, as well as greater thread counts, all of which improve the performance of your gaming PC especially when paired with modern hardware that are compatible. It is then recommended to consider newer versions and models so as to have an excellent gaming experience.

Video Games As Social Space

Gaming has indeed become widespread and is enjoyed by many adults, where some even play video games for a living. But, one of the reasons why many adults play video games is because of the entertainment factor it offers. While some believe that video games have a negative effect on people, the activity can actually provide certain benefits. In fact, studies have discovered that adults who enjoy playing video games have greater levels of contentment and happiness. In several cases, they even become more relaxed because of playing video games.

Besides increasing happiness, contentment and relaxation, video games can be a social activity as well. This is particularly true when games are played online with other players. This creates a social space where gamers get to communicate with each other as well as engage and participate in gaming groups and communities, which widens their social circle. While this may be an unusual way of communicating, it still is a helpful method to foster and establish social connections while at the same time develop the confidence and the skills needed for face-to-face interaction.

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After Weddings Comes Christmas!

For weddings that blend families, spending the holidays together will be a little special. It’s your first Christmas together! And with kids, you will have to introduce to them the spirit of Christmas, a custom celebration that happens all over the world.

Where do our Christmas customs actually come from?

Trees in the living room, calendars that only have 24 days, old men with red pointed caps. At first glance, our Christmas customs may seem a bit strange. But they have a story – and you can find it out here

Nicholas and Santa Claus

Whitebeard, red robe, and a bulging gift sack – that’s, of course, Santa Claus. But the legendary hero of Christmas did not always have this well-known figure.

Its appearance and function go back to St. Nicholas. This bishop lived in the 4th century and to this day his name day is celebrated every year on December 6th – it is thanks to him that shoes and stockings are filled with sweets on St. Nicholas Day.

Now it’s getting more complicated. Because the one who visits us on Christmas Eve is not Santa Claus, this is Santa Claus. The two Christmassy guys have a lot in common, but they are not one and the same person. Over time, “Santa Claus” emerged from St. Nicholas in the USA. It was there that today’s image of him was shaped.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the authors of many poems and stories described him with a red coat and a long white beard – later the reindeer sleigh was also mentioned. In addition, Santa Claus got a “home”: the North Pole.

Thanks to many films and the advertising of the lemonade giant “Coca Cola”, Santa Claus soon became known all over the world. Since the beginning of the 20th century, Santa Claus has been competing with our actual Christmas messenger – the Christ Child.

Even in the Harry Potter movies, they have celebrated Christmas! Test how much you know about Harry Potter with the harry potter sorting hat quiz.

A tree is a focus

With “Christmas” we not only associate Santa Claus but also the Christmas tree. But why do we actually put a needle-like plant in the living room? The tree takes up a lot of space, it pokes us when we want the presents that are below it and after a short time, it begins to lose its needles. And then we hang it with all sorts of odds and ends, wrap shiny threads around the branches and let it shine in a blaze of lights.

There is a needle-like custom in many countries around the world. Decorated trees are nothing new in our culture. An example: in the Middle Ages people began to decorate a maypole in spring.

It took a little longer for people to bring a tree into their living room at Christmas. It is believed that the first Christmas trees adorned living spaces in the 18th century. But why do conifers play the main role at Christmas?

Almost all conifers are evergreen, so they do not lose their leaves. That symbolizes life force. Also: putting up a bare birch tree as a Christmas tree in winter would certainly look a bit bleak – even if it would be easier to get the gifts.

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Wedding Present Ideas

Getting invited in a wedding is exciting. The first thing that will come to your mind is what gift you should be giving to the couple. Wedding is once in a lifetime and everyone’s dream so the pressure of what to give lies to the person being invited.

If you are invited, this only means that you have this particular relationship with the couple, or if not with the two of them, at least with the bride or the groom. Meaning, you personally know the person you are going to give the gift, but of course you need to think of them as one.

First thing is to think of the new life the pair is going to enter. They will be having their own house. The most common presents a married couple receive are appliances. You may also give them one, but for a change, why not give them the best coffee grinder. Everybody loves coffee and for sure they will not be receiving the same, so read some reviews like https://reviewsbloom.com/best-coffee-grinder-for-french-press/ and purchase the best for couple.

A trend in a wedding nowadays is they already indicate if they are into receiving cash. Couples include this information in the invitation. This might sound a bit off for some, but it is a new generation and if you are going to think, they are just being practical and avoiding receiving the same gifts from their visitors. It is not mandatory, you may or may not participate or follow, but if you will support them and will go with the flow, no pressure with the amount. Give any amount and it will surely be appreciated.

Wedding gifts are not required. Your mere presence will make the newly wed happy and contented. However, if you do not want to come empty-handed, consider cash and a not so common good you can give.

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Instances and phases of socialization

Socialization is the process as well as the result of people growing into their social environment and their values, norms, and customs with the simultaneous development and maintenance of individuality of the individual in the sense of the independent, creative, and self-fulfilling development of the individual in society. Socialization is a lifelong process.

Components of socialization

  1. The totality of all external influences that affect a growing person, thus also the education by parents, teachers. It is also the influences of other people and groups as well as the general living conditions in a certain culture, a certain people, a certain time, a certain social class and a very specific family.
  2. The inner processing of these influences by the adolescent and thus the development of a general psychological structure.
  3. The feelings and behavior of the individual developed under these circumstances, which in the positive case are socially desirable, but in the negative case can also be socially unacceptable or self-damaging.

The term “upbringing” is not identical with “socialization”, but a sub-area of ​​“socialization”.

So socialization is a very important factor, a very important network of causes, which also decides what kind of person a certain individual is or becomes.

In addition, of course, play in the development of a person
  • general human nature and
  • the specific nature, the specific genes of the individual
There are three phases of socialization:
  • Primary phase,
  • Secondary phase,
  • Tertiary phase.

Socialization instances

Socialization instances are social groups or groupings that

  • take a mediating position between the individual and society,
  • convey social values, norms and behavior patterns to the individual,
  • central areas of human activity are
  • Function according to their own rules and demand specific adaptations from the individual.

Family as an instance of socialization

Family is the most common form of a social group and the only group in which at least two generations must be represented by parent and underage child. The special kind of relationship makes the family a special socialization entity. Families represent a special system of relationships.

If you want your family socializing to be a travel or camp then read about travel backpacks tips and start packing now.

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